Peace Process

After the RPF invasion in October 1990, pressure from neighbouring countries and the international community brought the two sides to the negotiating table. With the close involvement of Tanzania and the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), the war was brought to an end with the signing of the Arusha Accords on 4th August 1993. The agreement was comprehensive and addressed a wide range of issues, including: the rule of law, power- sharing, integration of the armed forces, resettlement of refugees and displaced persons, and elections. The United Nations Assistance Mission to Rwanda (UNAMIR) was established to oversee the implementation of the Accords.

The peace agreement assumed that peace and reconciliation would follow the end of armed hostilities and that the absence of political tension would end suspicion between Hutus and Tutsis. When regional governments and the OAU invited Habyarimana to Tanzania on 6th April 1994 to discuss the urgency of implementation, they were ready to go into action.