Post Genocide Justice

The International Criminal Tribunal For Rwanda
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) was established in
November 1995, based in Arusha, Tanzania. After almost a decade of
work, eighty-one indictments have been issued. Seventeen of the accused have been
convicted. One person has been acquitted.

Rwandan Tribunals
The bulk of indictments have been left to Rwanda’s national legal system. In 1996,
Rwanda passed a law specifically to punish the crimes of genocide.To do this, first of all it put an end to the reserve on crimes of genocide issued by Rwanda with the signature of the International Convention on Genocide. At the end of 2001, Rwandan courts have tried 7,331 indicted genocidaires, of whom 6,500 were convicted.

Despite the above, it has become evident that the classical justice system would only be able to handle the number of cases within 100 years. In order to resolve this impasse, the Government has resorted to the traditional Gacaca system, modernised
to incorporate contemporary norms of jurisprudence. On its completion it will have been the most thorough process ever in bringing the rank and file of genocide to justice. Over 100,000 inmates were indicted for crimes of genocide. They are
expected to stand trial at Gacaca.

The local Gacaca courts, meaning ‘Justice on the Grass’, combine traditional local justice with modern jurisprudence.